Pickleball, the fastest-growing sport in the country, now has multiple leagues competing for fans and dollars — and with each other.

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Michelle Esquivel is without doubt one of the stars of the APP Tour.getty photos
When Joel Pritchard died in October 1997, obituaries for the previous congressman and lieutenant governor of Washington dutifully famous the highlights of his four-decade profession in politics and the way he “exemplified civility and bipartisanship.” Buried amid these marks of a public life nicely lived was normally a passing reference to what might but show to be Pritchard’s true legacy: He invented pickleball.
Legend has it that in 1965, Pritchard and another fathers vacationing on Washington’s Bainbridge Island had been searching for a solution to maintain their households entertained. He devised a sport that was type of a hybrid of tennis, badminton and ping pong and may very well be performed by all age teams.

Whereas Pritchard’s political profession quickly took off — he was elected to the U.S. Home of Representatives for the primary time in 1972 — his invention didn’t. An official pickleball rulebook was not revealed till 1984, and the governing physique of the game, USA Pickleball, wasn’t fashioned till 2005. It’s seemingly that till only a few years in the past, most Individuals had by no means even heard of the sport.
However when the pandemic began spreading throughout the U.S., it’s little coincidence that pickleball did too. With a low price of entry, straightforward guidelines to observe and a format ultimate for socially distanced competitors, it rapidly caught hearth. The Sports activities & Health Trade Affiliation has named it the nation’s fastest-growing sport two years operating, with a complete participant depend of some 4.8 million. That’s nonetheless a far cry from the 20 million-plus American tennis gamers, however pickleball participation is up 39% over the previous two years and nonetheless rising. Celeb acolytes embrace George Clooney and Leonardo DiCaprio. Stephen Colbert is behind an upcoming superstar pickleball particular for CBS and Paramount+. Not one, however two magazines — InPickleball and Pickleball Journal — devoted to the game have launched in recent times. And loads of sports activities executives, like former MLB Superior Media president and CEO Bob Bowman, have taken to the sport (see sidebar).
Lengthy a leisure sport of selection for senior residents, pickleball is within the embryonic levels of development as a critical sports activities property. Two ideologically-opposed but similarly-named leagues — the Skilled Pickleball Affiliation and the Affiliation of Pickleball Professionals — have launched previously few years, replete with sponsors, media offers, coast-to-coast occasions and bidding wars for star gamers. A 3rd league, the team-based Main League Pickleball, began in 2021 and expanded by 4 franchises this yr, with one headed by entrepreneur Gary Vaynerchuck, and has a strategic partnership with the APP.
“It’s so apparent to me as a macro factor,” stated Vaynerchuk. “I’d be flabbergasted if there wasn’t a considerable league that was a viable enterprise in 15 years in America and around the globe in pickleball.”
For now, the match between the PPA and the APP is extra pleasant than fierce. Whereas the previous pursues a technique aimed round locking up prime expertise with multiyear contracts, the latter is targeted on rising the game by way of all ages with the hopes of at some point getting it into the Olympics. Leaders of each organizations say they’re solely targeted on their very own development in a sport with room for a number of rivals, however their actions belie urgency as every operator angles to ascertain itself because the premier tour for the sport.
World No. 1 Ben Johns performs on the PPA Tour.getty photos
Skilled Pickleball Affiliation
Connor Pardoe was working as president of the senior residing portfolio in his household’s Salt Lake Metropolis actual property firm a couple of years in the past when his aunt requested if he would function her accomplice for a pickleball match after her teammate bought sick. Pardoe agreed to fill in for the native event.
“I fell in love with it,” stated Pardoe. “I didn’t know the principles, however I had a complete lot of enjoyable, and I’ve in all probability picked up a tennis racket lower than 10 instances since.”
It didn’t take lengthy for Pardoe to see a enterprise alternative in his new ardour. Along with his household’s monetary backing, in 2019 he launched the Skilled Pickleball Affiliation with eight occasions. The initiative couldn’t have been higher timed. The PPA grew to 12 occasions in 2020, 16 in 2021 and this yr will host 20 occasions and dole out over $3 million in participant compensation. In January, the Pardoe household bought a majority stake within the tour for an undisclosed sum to Dundon Capital Companions, the funding agency led by Carolina Hurricanes proprietor Tom Dundon. The PPA deal was a part of a pickleball spending spree for Dundon, who additionally acquired the game’s prime retailer (PickleballCentral) and event software program developer (PickleballTournaments). Dundon declined an interview request for this story.
PPA proprietor Tom DundonSteve Taylor
Maybe not surprisingly, with Dundon on board the PPA has been aggressive in its strategy to professionalizing the sport. The PPA has carried out new three-year participant contracts which are totally unique, successfully cordoning off 30 of the sport’s prime gamers, together with 23-year-old American Ben Johns, thought of the world’s greatest participant. These contracts, which have ruffled some feathers all through the game, changed the tour’s prior one-year offers with restricted allowances for letting gamers participate in non-PPA occasions.
This yr the PPA will assure its gamers base pay of $60,000-$100,000 earlier than accounting for prize cash. Pardoe stated whole participant compensation will exceed $3.1 million this season.
The PPA has been equally aggressive because it scales each sponsorship and broadcast. The PPA started touchdown non-endemic companions late final yr and now has occasion title sponsorships with Baird, Assured Charge, Hertz, Hyundai and Invisalign. Pardoe says occasion title sponsorships run between $50,000 and $100,000, with bigger business commitments for the tour starting from $300,000 and $500,000. Baird is paying over $400,000 for the wealth administration class and naming rights to 2 occasions. The PPA’s whole sponsorship income is projected to achieve round $4 million this yr.
Oak View Group and Pivot Company are serving to with sponsor gross sales.
The tour has secured broadcast offers with CBS, Fox Sports activities and the Tennis Channel. Fox, the PPA’s major broadcast accomplice, will air 40 hours on FS2 from championship Sundays this season, and Tennis Channel will do 30 hours on linear and may have on-demand viewing of all occasions on its streaming platform. Broadcast isn’t a moneymaker but, however Pardoe says the PPA additionally isn’t paying a charge to the networks to hold its programming.
The PPA’s current strikes construct on its robust basis. In reality, Pardoe, who’s staying on as CEO and commissioner, stated the PPA would have already got been narrowly worthwhile this yr if not for Dundon’s arrival, which has led to larger operational spending. However the PPA should nonetheless take care of a rival tour that has lately induced a racket of its personal.

Affiliation of Pickleball Professionals
Ken Herrmann had made a profession in tennis as a coach, group director and membership proprietor earlier than discovering himself swept up in pickleball mania. Herrmann started competing as a senior professional in 2018, and the next yr he helped set up the Chicago Pickleball Open. The event was initially a one-off occasion held within the suburb of Naperville with a $25,000 purse, however Herrmann was impressed to pursue one thing larger by pondering of WTA Tour founder Billie Jean King, whom he’d interacted with whereas a USTA improvement coach within the Nineties.
APP proprietor Ken HerrmannSteve Taylor
“I seen that these professionals had been simply leaping round from place to put, and there was no consistency and no normal schedule for them,” saidHerrmann. In 2019, a couple of months forward of the PPA’s founding, Herrmann launched the APP Tour together with advisers in PickleballTournaments President Melissa McCurley, former PickleballCentral CEO Edward Hechter and APP Tour head referee Byron Freso. “We hoped to service the wants of the amateurs, the professionals, the senior professionals … to construct a basis and to assist proceed and develop and develop the game,” added Hermann.
The debut season of 2020 was largely disrupted by COVID, leading to simply 4 fall tournaments, however the APP Tour bounced again with 18 occasions final yr. This season, the tour counts a complete of 33 occasions throughout three tiers of competitors: Elite, Challenger and Worldwide. In contrast to the PPA, the APP Tour is formally sanctioned by USA Pickleball, and it runs 5 of USAP’s six nationwide championship qualifying occasions, together with the newly created New York Metropolis Open on the USTA Billie Jean King Nationwide Tennis Middle.
Whereas the APP Tour has taken a extra holistic strategy to rising the sport throughout age teams, it has not backed down within the face of the PPA’s aggression on the prime professional degree. Shortly after Dundon’s arrival within the sport, the APP Tour introduced by itself strategic investor in Chicago-based advertising agency Intersport, which took an undisclosed majority fairness stake. The corporate is now main efforts within the areas of selling, property improvement, manufacturing, distribution, sponsorship gross sales and occasion administration. Herrmann has no different co-investors.
Nonetheless, Herrmann says unique participant contracts are anathema to the APP Tour’s strategy. “We’re not doing that. I don’t consider in that,” he stated. “I really feel unhealthy for the gamers that determined to take these gives, as a result of who is aware of the place this sport goes to be a yr or two years down the highway from now with future alternatives which are going to return up.”

Will the sport make the Video games?
Pickleball has come a good distance, however for a few of the sport’s key stakeholders, the final word objective isn’t only a thriving professional league. It’s to be included within the Olympic Video games, maybe as quickly as Los Angeles 2028. That, nonetheless, will not be reasonable.
“LA28 is a longshot at greatest,” stated USA Pickleball CEO Stu Upson. “The federation must be larger and stronger to have IOC recognition, which is required for us to be totally acknowledged by the USOPC.”
The Worldwide Federation of Pickleball was solely fashioned in 2010 and counts fewer than 70 whole member nations. Even gaining IOC recognition is simply step one, which Upson is aware of full nicely from expertise. He was beforehand the manager director of the U.S. Bowling Congress and spent years watching that sport be denied Olympic entry regardless of its huge world participation and official recognition.
For LA28 specifically, pickleball must compete in opposition to cricket, lacrosse, flag soccer and a litany of different acquainted sports activities vying for a spot on the Olympic program. And it could quickly run right into a head-on battle with padel, a unique paddle sport that’s seeing a surge in reputation in elements of Europe, Latin America and the Center East.

The APP has, nonetheless, additionally scaled up its participant spending. Its seasonal prize pool is round $2 million, greater than double final yr’s whole payout of some $700,000. The brand new NYC Open has a $125,000 purse, which the APP says is the largest-ever prize pool for a pickleball event, not counting look charges; PPA main occasions pay gamers a complete of $160,000.
To date, the APP Tour’s sponsor roster has largely been composed of pickleball corporations, although that’s anticipated to quickly change. “There’s a lot alternative for different manufacturers to get in play,” stated Drew Russell, Intersport govt vp of properties and media property. “Our hope is you’ll begin to see extra non-endemics as part of this, and we predict sponsorship goes to be key.” Russell stated pricing has a variety; some present sponsors spend lower than $10,000 per occasion, whereas a tour title sponsorship alternative would seemingly promote for upward of $1 million.
Broadcast is equally in its infancy; the APP Tour’s 5 nationwide championship collection occasions are aired on ESPN+, however the the rest of tour stops are broadcast on the tour’s Fb and YouTube channels.
USA Pickleball CEO Stu UpsonSteve Taylor
Russell declined to touch upon the APP Tour’s general monetary efficiency, however each he and Herrmann stated that this yr will largely function a runway for Intersport to rise up to hurry and put together for a transformational 2023. Subsequent yr also needs to characteristic an expanded schedule, together with a couple of new premier occasions: In keeping with Herrmann, the APP Tour will add two further USA Pickleball nationwide championship qualifiers to its calendar.
The APP Tour additionally established a probably vital trade alliance when it partnered earlier this yr with Main League Pickleball. Operational particulars of the strategic partnership haven’t but been finalized, although the expectation is that MLP will maintain occasions at APP Tour stops.
Fairly a pickle
Each the PPA and the APP deny that there’s any hostility between the 2 excursions. Herrmann acknowledged a stark distinction in imaginative and prescient: “We’ve bought two totally different voices going proper now. The voice I’ve is making an attempt to develop the game of pickleball. And whereas we put heavy emphasis on the professionals as nicely … our partnership with USA Pickleball is an important one for us promote the game the very best we will.”
Pardoe instructed that the APP Tour could also be greatest positioned as a developmental system for the PPA. “What they’re doing is sweet for the game,” stated Pardoe. “Now we have three gamers that we signed this yr that performed lots on their tour final yr. In order that they’re in a position to go there, develop, enhance their sport after which get PPA contracts.”
Probably hanging within the stability is management of pickleball’s long-term future, nonetheless a lot that finally ends up being value. Some sources counsel it will not be a lot, since gaudy participation numbers don’t all the time translate to professional occasion viewership, and pickleball must succeed the place better-established sports activities (rugby, cricket) have didn’t construct sustainable skilled leagues. 
Former professional tennis participant James Blake, who owns the MLP group The Lions with Milwaukee Bucks proprietor Marc Lasry, recognized two near-term keys for reaching that success: a set cadence of main tournaments and big-name gamers.
“As soon as these tournaments turn out to be established and the most important ones are recognized — OK, these are the large ones that the highest gamers are at, those that may make or break years, or months, or careers — then they begin the rivalries, they’ve some aptitude and you’ll have somebody who can actually seize the viewers,” stated Blake. “Then there’s some pull to it.”
As for which operator is most probably to face victorious in the long term, trade insiders are cautious to choose a horse simply but. “So much stays to be seen, since a lot has modified in simply the final six months,” stated Josh Freedman, an agent at Topnotch Administration who represents a number of star gamers. “However they’re each very wholesome, I feel they each have good companions, and it wouldn’t shock me in the event that they’re each standing and each profitable.”
Blake was equally hesitant to counsel there will likely be a single winner. “Ultimately, I hope there’s room for everybody,” he stated. “Proper now it’s so younger and there are such a lot of prospects.”
Because of the brand new traders, every operator now sits atop a freshly stuffed battle chest, suggesting the showdown for management of professional pickleball remains to be heating up with no apparent finish in sight. Those that love the game, nonetheless, hope it by no means strays too removed from its roots.
“It’s the one sport that was invented for youths,” stated Bowman. “Each different sport was invented for adults. And hopefully adults received’t spoil it.”

Alternative Knocks
Taking a swing on the three skilled leagues which have sprung up previously couple of years.
 
Affiliation of Pickleball Professionals
Launched: 2019 by Ken Herrmann
Proprietor: Intersport (majority); Ken Herrmann (minority)
Headquarters: Chicago
Format: Males’s/girls’s singles and doubles
2022 Schedule: 33 occasions throughout three tiers of competitors (Elite, Challenger, Worldwide)
Sponsors: Endemics (Head Pickleball, Franklin Pickleball, USA Pickleball)
Media: ESPN+ (5 of six USA Pickleball qualifying occasions)
Gamers: No unique contracts; seasonal prize pool of about $2 million
 

Skilled Pickleball Affiliation
Launched: 2019 by Connor Pardoe
Proprietor: Tom Dundon (majority); Pardoe household (minority)
Headquarters: Salt Lake Metropolis, relocating to Dallas
Format: Males’s/girls’s singles and doubles
2022 Schedule: 20 occasions, by way of January 2023
Sponsors: Baird, Assured Charge, Hertz, Hyundai, Invisalign
Media: CBS, Fox, Tennis Channel
Gamers: Have instituted three-year, unique contracts for prime 30 gamers; whole seasonal participant compensation of $3.1 million
 

Main League Pickleball
Launched: 2021 by Steve Kuhn
Workforce House owners: People together with Marc Lasry, James Blake, Brené Brown, Gary Vaynerchuk
Format: Combined-gender group event
2022 Schedule: One occasion scheduled for June outdoors of Austin
Sponsors: Michelob Extremely, Clear Trigger, Ranch Rider Spirits, Medicileaf
Media: No announcement for 2022 occasion; CBS Sports activities Community broadcast 2021 championship match
Gamers: Can play in each APP and MLP; seasonal prize pool of $217,000

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